Publication ethics of the Journal “Toksikologicheskiy vestnik” (Toxicological Review)
The Editorial Board and editorial staff of the Journal "Toxicological Review" ("Toxicologicheskiy vestnik") performs their activities under the RF legislation in force, are guided by the code of practice " Publication ethics of scientific publications", developed and approved by the Committee on Publication Ethics" created on the basis of the All-Union Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of the Russian Academy of Sciences, as well as by 'Ethics standards stated in the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors, Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers; Responsible Research Publication: International Standards for Editors; Responsible research Publication: international standards for authors developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
To avoid malpractice in the publishing activities (plagiarism, presentation of unreliable data etc), in order to secure a high quality publications, recognition by the scientific community scientific data accomplished by the author, each member of the editorial board (hereafter-editor) , author, reviewer, publisher, as well as institutions involved in the publishing process are obliged to comply with ethics standards, norms and rules and take all reasonable steps to prevent their violation.
The author should guarantee that publication of the article does not infringe somebody's copyright or property rights, the article contains references to cited authors and/or results or facts obtained by other authors or organizations in compliance with prescribed regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation.
The Editorial Board and Editors of the Journal "Toxicological Review" ("Toxicologicheskiy vestnik") do not perform protection of author' copyrights in the frame of intellectual activity. The protection of intellectual rights in relation to a published article is secured by the author him (her)-self.
Ethics code of the Editors
1.The editors should observe the principle of freedom of expression, try to comply with needs of the journal readership and authors, avoid the influence of business or politics on the decision making related to publishing of papers.
2. The editors should make decisions based on principles of fairness, impartiality and ensure transparency of editorial activity at all its stages.
3. The editors should evaluate manuscripts exclusively for their scientific content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ,ethnic origin, citizenship or political stance of the authors.
4.The editors should make decisions on the publication of materials on the basis of the following major criteria: relevance of a manuscript to the journal, actuality, scientific significance and novelty of the article submitted; clarity of presentation, integrity of results, completeness of conclusions. The quality of the research conducted and its actuality are the basis for making decision about the publication of a manuscript.
5. The editors should take into account recommendations of reviewers in making a final decision about the publication of a manuscript. The editorial board is fully responsible for the publication decision.
6.The editors should assist authors in improving manuscripts submitted to the journal by their scientific and literature reviewing and contribute in establishing contacts with other journals and publishing houses.
7.The editors should treat authors with respect, conduct talks with them solely in a friendly manner, use the correct language in correspondence.
8. The editors should not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than to the author and reviewers.
9. The information about a critical review should not be disclosed to anyone else except for the author of the paper.
Ethical code of the editor-in-chief
1.The editor-in-chief makes a publication decision on the basis of the expert evaluation by independent reviewers and opinions of the editorial board members. The evaluation of papers should be solely based on the verification of integrity of results, actuality of the topic and its significance to researches and readers.
2. The editor-in-chief should not disclose any information about a submitted paper to anyone other than to the corresponding author and reviewers. Unpublished data from the article submitted cannot be used without a written permission of the author.
3. The confidential information received in the process of reviewing should not be publicized or retained for personal use.
4. The editor-in-chief should reject consideration of a submitted manuscript if there exists a conflict of interest.
5. If an appeal of ethic character is filed against a submitted paper or a published article, the editor-in-chief should take reasonable counter measures. These measures usually include the following: the author concerned must be informed about it, examination of the filed appeal and if necessary, subsequent publication of corrections. Each case of non-observance of the publication ethics should be examined, even it was revealed after publication many years on.
6. The editor-in-chief should not constrain authors to cite the journal. It cannot be a pre-requisite condition for acceptance of a manuscript for publishing. Any recommendation for citing papers should be based on their scientific significance and have a purpose to improve the material submitted.
Ethical code of authors
1 .Authors are those whose contribution to the conception and design of the issue dealt with in the article was significant and who share responsibility for results obtained. The author who submitted the manuscript to the journal takes responsibility to agree with co-authors the choice of a periodical for its publication, for credibility of the contact information.
2. The authorship is limited to those who significantly contributed to the conception, design, execution or interpretation of the reported work. If there is a person who participated in a substantial part of the work, he or she should be included in the list of authors or gratitude should be expressed to him or her.
3. Authors are responsible for originality and credibility of the submitted work. This work should not have been published earlier or submitted for parallel publication to other publishers and should not contain plagiarisms.
4. If the work submitted contains textual or graphical information from papers earlier published by the author himself (herself) or from a work of another author, references should be made to respective publications or a written permission for use of these materials should be received. Borrowing from other sources without referencing to them will be considered as plagiarism by the editorial board.
5. The author should include in the manuscript only accurate facts and data, make available a sufficient set of information for checking and reproducing experiments by other researchers. The author should not use information gained privately without an open written permission, not admit falsification of data.
6. Duplicate publications should be avoided ( the author should indicate in the cover letter that the manuscript is published for the first time). If some parts of the manuscript were earlier published, the author should make reference to the earlier published work and state in what the submitted manuscript is distinct from the previous one. The submission of a manuscript to more than one journal is considered unethical.
7. The author should observe ethical rules when voicing criticisms or commenting on researches conducted by the third persons.
8. The author should follow bio-ethical principles in animals testing..
9.The author should immediately notify editorial board or the publisher about a substantial error disclosed in the work published.
10.The author should provide the editorial board or publisher with evidence of the accuracy of the original article or correct substantial errors if the editorial board or the publisher were notified of them by the third persons.
11. The author has a right to appeal against a decision of the editorial board in accordance with the established procedure.
Ethical code of reviewers
1. Reviewers participating in expert evaluation of materials submitted to journal "Toxicological Review" ("Toxicologicheskiy vestnik") for publication are under obligation to make objective and impartial decisions;
2. To observe confidentiality; the reviewer should not discuss the author's work with anybody except those authorized t by the editor-in-chief to work with the manuscript;
3. Reviewers should not use the knowledge gained in the process of reviewing the work to further their own interests;
4. The reviewer should inform the editor-in-chief and reject the reviewing of the manuscript if in his ( her) opinion his (her) qualification is insufficient to evaluate the reported work or if the review cannot be submitted within the time agreed.
5. Reviewers should base their decisions on detailed facts and give evidence of the validity of their positions.
6. Reviewers should call attention of the editor-in-chief on a substantial or fractural likeness of the manuscript under reviewing with another work as well as on the absence of references to conclusions or argumentation earlier published in other works of the same or other authors.
7. Reviewers should help authors to improve the quality of their articles.
8. Reviewers should not use materials from unpublished manuscripts in their own interests.
Conflicts of interests
To avoid violation of the publication ethics, conflicts of interest of all sides participating in the process of publishing a manuscript should be eliminated. The conflict of interests emerges if the author, reviewer or a member of the editorial board have some financial, scientific or personal relations that may influence their actions. Such relations cause ambivalent obligations, competing interests or competing allegiance.
To avoid conflicts of interests and in accordance with the journal's accepted ethical rules, each of the parties is entrusted with the following obligations:
The editor should :
-to hand over the manuscript for reviewing to another member of the editorial board if the firstly appointed reviewer has a conflict of interests with the author of the manuscript submitted;
-to conduct an inquiry among all participants of the process of publishing the manuscript about potential conflicts of interests;
-to make a decision on a possible publication of the information provided in the author's letter and related to a conflict of scientific or financial interests if that information is not confidential and may influence the evaluation of the published work by readers or scientific community.
-To ensure publication of corrections, if information about the conflict of interests is received after the article was published.
The author should
-list in the cover letter all known and potential sources of conflicts of interests;
-indicate his or her place of employment and sources of financing of the work;
-if no conflicts of interests exists, clearly declare it in the cover letter.
The reviewer should-notify the editor-in-chief of an existing conflict of interest (ambivalent obligations, competing interests) and reject reviewing of the manuscript.
When a situation related to the publication ethics breaches emerges on the part of editor, author, reviewer, it is obligatory to conduct an investigation. It applies both to published and unpublished materials from the date of publication of the document .The editorial board should require explanations without engaging in it persons who could be involved in the conflict of interests with one of the side.
If a work containing significant discrepancies was published, it should be immediately corrected in the form accessible to readers and indexation systems.